DNB Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation: Admissions, Medical Colleges, Fee, Eligibility Criteria details

DNB Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation or Diplomate of National Board in Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation also known as DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation is a Postgraduate
level course for doctors in India that is done by them after completion of
their MBBS. The duration of this postgraduate course is 3 years, and it focuses
on the study of various concepts related to the achievement of maximum restoration of physical, social, and psychological function through rehabilitation in persons with physical disabilities.

The course is a full-time course pursued at various accredited
institutes/hospitals across the country. Some of the top accredited
institutes/hospitals offering this course are- Kokilaben
Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute- Mumbai, Sambhu Nath
Pandit Hospital- West
Bengal, Swami
Vivekanand National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research, Orissa.

Admission to this course is done through the NEET PG Entrance exam
conducted by the National Board of Examinations, followed by counseling based
on the scores of the exam that is conducted by DGHS/MCC/State
Authorities.

The fee for
pursuing DNB (Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation) from accredited
institutes/hospitals is Rs. 1,25,000 to Rs. 2,40,000 per year.

After completion of their respective course, doctors can either join the
job market or pursue a super-specialization course where DNB Physical
Medicine And Rehabilitation is a feeder qualification. Candidates can take
reputed jobs at positions as Senior residents, Junior Consultants, Consultants
etc. with an approximate salary range of Rs. 5 lakh to Rs. 36 lakh per year.

DNB is
equivalent to MD/MS/DM/MCh degrees awarded respectively in medical and surgical
super specialties. The
list of recognized qualifications awarded by the Board in various broad and
super specialties as approved by the Government of India are included in the
first schedule of the Indian Medical Council Act, 1956.

The Diplomate
of National Board in broad-specialty qualifications and super specialty
qualifications when granted in a medical institution with the attached hospital
or in a hospital with the strength of five hundred or more beds, by the
National Board of Examinations, shall be equivalent in all respects to the
corresponding postgraduate qualification and the super-specialty qualification
granted under the Act, but in all other cases, senior residency in a medical
college for an additional period of one year shall be required for such
qualification to be equivalent for the purposes of teaching also.

What is DNB in Physical
Medicine And Rehabilitation?

Diplomate of National Board in Physical Medicine
And Rehabilitation, also known as DNB (Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation) or
DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation is a three-year postgraduate programme that
candidates can pursue after completing MBBS.

Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation is the
branch of medical science dealing with the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of physical impairments,
particularly those associated with disorders of the muscles, nerves, bones, or
brain.

The National
Board of Examinations (NBE) has released a curriculum for DNB in Physical
Medicine And Rehabilitation.

The curriculum governs the education and training of DNBs in Physical Medicine
And Rehabilitation.

PG education intends to create
specialists who can contribute to high-quality health care and advances in
science through research and training.

The required training done by a
postgraduate specialist in the field of Physical
Medicine And Rehabilitation would help the specialist recognize the
community’s health needs. The student should be competent to handle medical
problems effectively and should be aware of the recent advances in their
speciality.

The candidate should be a highly
competent specialist in Physical
Medicine And Rehabilitation possessing a broad range
of skills that will enable her/him to practice Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation independently. The PG
candidate should also acquire the basic skills in the teaching
medical/para-medical students.

The candidate is also expected to
know the principles of research methodology and modes of the consulting
library. The candidate should regularly attend conferences, workshops, and CMEs
to upgrade her/ his knowledge.

Course Highlights

Here are some of the course highlights of DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation

Name of Course

DNB in Physical
Medicine And Rehabilitation

Level

Postgraduate

Duration of Course

Three years

Course Mode

Full Time

Minimum Academic Requirement

MBBS degree obtained from any
college/university recognized by the Medical Council of India (now NMC)

Admission Process / Entrance Process /
Entrance Modalities

Entrance Exam (NEET PG)

Course Fees

Rs. 1,25,000 to Rs. 2,40,000 per year

Average Salary

Rs. 5 lakh to Rs. 36 lakh per year

Eligibility Criteria

The eligibility
criteria for DNB in Physical Medicine
And Rehabilitation are defined as the set of rules or minimum prerequisites
that aspirants must meet in order to be eligible for admission, which include:

  • Candidates must
    be in possession of an undergraduate MBBS degree from any college/university
    recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI) now NMC.
  • Candidates should have done a compulsory rotating
    internship of one year in a teaching institution or other institution which is
    recognized by the Medical Council of India (MCI) now NMC.
  • The candidate must have obtained permanent
    registration of any State Medical Council to be eligible for admission.
  • The medical college’s recognition cut-off
    dates for the MBBS Degree courses and compulsory rotatory Internship shall be
    as prescribed by the Medical Council of India (now NMC).
  • Candidates who have passed the final
    examination, leading to the award of a Post Graduate Degree (MD/MS) from an
    Indian University, which is duly recognized as per provisions of the National
    Medical Commission (NMC) Act, 2019 and the first schedule of the IMC Act can
    apply for the DNB Final examination in the same broad specialty.

Admission Process

The admission process contains a few steps to
be followed in order by the candidates for admission to DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation. Candidates can view
the complete admission process for DNB
in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation mentioned below:

  • The NEET PG or National Eligibility Entrance
    Test for Post Graduate is a national-level master’s level examination conducted
    by the NBE for admission to MD/MS/PG Diploma Courses.
  • The
    requirement of eligibility criteria for participation in counselling towards PG
    seat allotment conducted by the concerned counselling authority shall be in
    lieu of the Post Graduate Medical Education Regulations (as per the latest
    amendment) notified by the MCI (now NMC) with prior approval of MoHFW.

S.No.

Category

Eligibility Criteria

1.

General

50th Percentile

2.

SC/ST/OBC (Including PWD of SC/ST/OBC)

40th Percentile

3.

UR PWD

45th Percentile

Fees Structure

The fee structure for DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation
varies from accredited institute/hospital to hospital. The fee is generally
less for Government Institutes and more for private institutes. The average fee structure for DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation is Rs. 1,25,000 to Rs. 2,40,000 per year.

Colleges offering DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation

Various accredited
institutes/hospitals across India offer courses for pursuing DNB (Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation).

As per the National Board of
Examinations website, the following accredited institutes/hospitals are
offering DNB (Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation) courses for the academic year 2022-23.

Hospital/Institute

Specialty

No. of
Accredited Seat(s)
(Broad/Super/Fellowship)

Kokilaben
Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute
Achyutrao Patwardhan
Marg, 4 Bunglows, Andheri (W), Mumbai
Maharashtra-400053

Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation

1

Sambhu Nath
Pandit Hospital
11, Lala Lajpat
Rai Sarani, Kolkata
West
Bengal-700020

Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation

2

Swami Vivekanand
National Institute of Rehabilitation Training and Research
Olatpur, PO
Bairoi, District- Cuttack
Orissa-754010

Physical
Medicine and Rehabilitation

2

Syllabus

A DNB
in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation is a three years
specialization course which provides training in the stream of Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation.

The course
content for DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation is given in the NBE Curriculum released by the National Board of
Examinations, which can be assessed through the link mentioned below:

1. The course content would include the following:

1. Basic Sciences as Applicable to PMR

i. Functional and applied anatomy of Musculo-skeletal system, Nervous system, Cardio-vascular system, Respiratory system and Uro-genital system.

ii. Kinesiology and Biomechanics

iii. Physiology of exercise, and other basics of physiology as applied to PMR

iv. Metabolism of important nutrients & micronutrients

v. Basics of electrical and thermal properties of tissues (electrothermy), electromagnetic waves spectrum used in pain management, neuromuscular stimulation for diagnosis and management, etc.

vi. Basics of Pathology and microbiology as applied to common clinical conditions seen in the practice of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

vii. Knowledge of Pharmacology of drugs used in Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.

viii. Understanding of human immune response and its applied aspects in disease and diagnostics

ix. Basic surgical techniques and basics of skin grafting

2. History and Scope of PMR, Definitions and Terminology

i. Understanding PMR, Philosophy

ii. Definition

iii. Team Approach

iv. Department Set up

v. Types

vi. Process

vii. Strategies

viii. Global Status of PMR as A Specialty and its Subspecialties

ix. Organization and administration of PMR services

x. Scope of PMR and Future in India

3. Understanding Disability

i. Definition, Nomenclature/Terminology

ii. Magnitude of disability – Global vs. Indian

iii. Statistics – Census and NSSO

iv. Epidemiology / Natural history of chronic disability and disorders

v. Disability Prevention – levels and examples

vi. FIC including ICIDH and ICF classifications

vii. Socio-economic Impact

viii. Causes of Disability / chronic disorders

ix. Changing Disability profiles

x. Disability Services

4. Community Based Disability Prevention and Rehabilitation

i. Levels of disability prevention

ii. Setting Up CBR Program

iii. Activities, planning, implementation, evaluation and monitoring

iv. WHO and UN Initiatives, Goals; Rights of persons with disability (PWD)

v. Relation of environmental factors and disability

vi. Inter relationship between Primary Health Centre (PHC) and Community Based Rehabilitation (CBR)

Chronically ill patients or patients with chronic disorders with functional impairments face innumerable barriers at every level of their life and there are several guidelines to remove such barriers and to provide access in equitable manner to education, vocation, health care and the candidates will be sensitized and in their clinical practice will be in a position to address these issues which generally remain unattended. They would be trained accessibility audits.

5. Legislations, Acts and Policies related to disability

i. Govt. of India Initiatives

ii. International Policies; Initiatives by WHO, United Nations etc.

6. Impairment Rating, Disability Assessment and Certification

7. Schemes and Benefits for persons with disabilities (PWDs)

i. Basic idea of major non-governmental organizations (NGOs) working for PWDs at national and international levels

8. Clinical Evaluation of Patients in P.M.R. and Documentation

i. History Taking in PMR

ii. Clinical Examination

• General Physical examination

• Manual muscle testing (MMT) / muscle charting

• Joint range of motion (ROM) measurement (goniometry) Clinical assessment of spasticity

• Complete neurological evaluation including sensory examination, vibration testing, monofilament testing, etc.

• Complete musculoskeletal assessment for disability / functional limitation evaluation and to report extent of restriction of participation.

• Clinical examination of individual systems – cardiovascular, pulmonary, uro-genital, etc.

• Any other relevant clinical examination as applied to PMR

9. Quality and Outcome Measures

Familiarizing the candidates with the use of tested instruments / scales / scores for functional assessment and quality of life (QOL), etc. e.g., FIM, Barthel Index, etc.

10. Diagnostic Tests

i. Utility and Interpretation of

• Routine Laboratory Tests

• Noninvasive Imaging studies

• Invasive imaging studies

• Pulmonary function tests

• Echocardiography and Doppler studies

ii. Utility, Performance and Interpretation of

• Musculo-skeletal and work-related tests

• Exercise tolerance testing

• Functional assessment instruments

• Psychological assessment tests

• Musculoskeletal ultrasonography

• Urodynamics

11. Therapeutic Exercises (including PNF & NDT)

i. Principles

ii. Types

iii. Indications

iv. Contraindications

v. Precautions

vi. Prescription

vii. Evaluation of exercise Program

12. Electro Therapy and Physical Modalities

(All physical agents like heat, cold, electricity, light, magnetic field etc.)

i. Principles

ii. Types

iii. Indications

iv. Contraindications

v. Precautions

vi. Prescription and evaluation of Program

vii. Manipulation, traction and Massage

13. Electro diagnostic Medicine – EMG/NCV/Evoked potential studies/ Audiometery

14. Pharmacotherapy in PMR

15. Gait and its Deviations, Gait Analysis

16. Orthotics

i. Principles of orthotic prescription, biomechanics

ii. Types of orthoses, specific joints, for upper and lower limbs, spine,

iii. Materials used in orthotics

iv. Indications – condition-specific

v. Design and fabrication

vi. Precautions

vii. Prescription

viii. Check-out / evaluation

ix. Advanced in orthotics

17. Prosthetics

i. Principles of prosthetic prescription, biomechanics

ii. Types of prostheses for upper and lower limbs

iii. Materials used in prosthetics, components, joints

iv. Level specific prosthetic prescriptions and indications for different types of prosthetic components

v. Precautions in prosthetic use

vi. Check-out / evaluation

vii. Prosthetic gait training, deviations

viii. Advances in prosthetics

18. Wheel chairs, Seating Systems and Ambulatory Devices

i. Types and indications for ambulatory aids

ii. Prescription, check-out of wheel chairs and seating systems

iii. Prescription of ambulatory aids, evaluation

iv. Training in the use of ambulatory aids, wheelchair & crutch gaits

19. Principles and scope of Occupational Therapy

i. Assessment and Training in Activities of Daily Living (ADL)

ii. Prescription of self-help devices / Assistive devices

iii. Supervision and execution of Occupational therapy interventions

iv. Assistive Technology related to PMR

v. Environmental control devices and technology

20. Principles and scope of Physical therapy

i. Assessment, planning, prescription, execution, supervision and follow up of exercise programs and physical modalities

21. Vocational and Psycho Social evaluation and Rehabilitation

22. Rehabilitation of Patients with Amputations

i. General Considerations

ii. Pre Amputation Counseling and Therapy

iii. Surgical Techniques, Level of amputations

iv. Immediate Post-Operative Phase

• Residual limb management, rigid dressings, exercises, temporary / pylon prosthetic fitment

v. Definitive prosthetic considerations

• Prosthetic prescription

• Testing

• Trial

• Training

• Complications

• Upper and Lower Limbs – specific amputation levels and their holistic rehabilitation

• Congenital Limb Deficiencies

• Paediatric Amputees

• Special problems of multiple limb amputees

23. Spasticity management

i. Pathophysiology

ii. Evaluation

iii. Medical Management

iv. Corrective and Surgical Management

v. Prescription of orthoses/devices

24. Holistic Rehabilitation of Children/ Persons with Cerebral Palsy

i. Normal Growth and Development

ii. Neonatal Reflexes

iii. Definition, magnitude of the problem, epidemiology, Pathophysiology

iv. Physical examination

v. Investigations

vi. Rehabilitation therapy approaches including Neuro-Developmental Therapies (NDT)

vii. Special devices, educational and recreational counseling, parent/caretaker counseling

viii. Comprehensive management of primary symptoms of Cerebral Palsy

ix. Surgical decision making and performance of surgical correction

x. Management of associated problems with cerebral palsy

xi. Follow Up

xii. Adults with CP

25. Pediatric Rehabilitation including children with Autism Spectrum Disorders, learning disabilities and multiple disabilities, etc.

26. Rehabilitation interventions in patients suffering from endocrinologic / metabolic disorders / metabolic syndromes, causing impairment, functional limitation or participation restriction

i. Hypothyroidism, Diabetes mellitus, Rickets, Osteomalacia, Osteoporosis, etc.

27. Rehabilitation of Patients with Neck and Back Pain

i. Review of Anatomy and Biomechanics, Posture

ii. Approach to Patients – clinical evaluation, assessment of disability, impairment and functional restriction

iii. Differential Diagnoses

iv. Rehabilitation: General Principles, Disease-specific

v. Concepts of Back Schools

vi. Failed back syndrome

28. Rehabilitation of Patients with Arthritic & Rheumatological conditions

i. Review of Classifications

ii. Clinical evaluation, assessment of disability, impairment and functional limitation

iii. Impact of disorder on person, family members, vocational, educational, recreational aspects and on society

iv. Diagnosis

v. Comprehensive management including monitoring of disease control

vi. Disease-specific Rehabilitation

• Osteoarthrosis (OA)

• Rheumatoid arthritis (RA)

• Ankylosing spondylitis (AS)

• Psoriatic arthropathy

• Crystal arthropathies (gout, pseudogout)

• Other inflammatoty Arthritides (Sjogren’s, Reiter’s, Behcet’s, etc.)

• Other Connective tissue disorders

• Haemophilic arthropathy

• Other autoimmune disorders impairing functional activities and causing participation restriction

29. Rehabilitation of Patients with Pain

i. Definition, Pathophysiology, Comprehensive assessment, Management and Rehabilitation of painful conditions including Neuropathic and psychosomatic pain

ii. Chronic pain- definition, pathophysiology, assessment, management

iii. Chronic Pain

iv. Recall basic knowledge of chronic pain

v. Complete a comprehensive assessment of a patient presenting with chronic pain and

vi. determine the potential for rehabilitation

vii. Formulate a rehabilitation management plan specifying appropriate modalities of assessment and treatment

viii. Coordinate and review team based interdisciplinary patient management, including the integration of appropriate physical and psychological interventions

ix. recall basic information about current concepts of the anatomy and physiology of acute and chronic pain, including the influence of psychological and cultural factors

x. describe epidemiology of chronic pain: incidence, prevalence, morbidity, common causes, natural history

xi. describe the biopsychosocial model of chronic pain and illness.

xii. define pain assessment and the use of pain descriptors

xiii. compare pain assessment tools, including pain quality: Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), McGill Pain Questionnaire, pain perception – personal beliefs and perceptions inventory, Fear-Avoidance Behaviour Questionnaire (FABQ), psychological consequences: Illness Behaviour Questionnaire, Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI), Beck Depression Scale (BDS), Coping Strategies Questionnaire (CSQ), quality of life: Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), short form health survey 36 (SF 36), functional capacity: Rowland and Morris Pain Questionnaire, Oswestry Low Back Pain Questionnaire, Spinal Function Sort (SFS), West and Valpar assessments.

xiv. recall the nature and effectiveness of rehabilitation

xv. Interventions

xvi. describe physical modalities in pain management

xvii. differentiate the role of the following in pain management: ultrasound, short wave diathermy, microwave diathermy, interferential therapy, therapeutic heat and cold, acupuncture, transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), exercise therapy

xviii. explain functional restoration through: general fitness training, ADL retraining, energy conservation, work hardening and vocational resettlement, leisure, sport and domestic activities

xix. define the indications, contraindications and effectiveness of the following drug interventions for chronic & benign pain: drug rationalization and detoxification, placebo response, non-narcotic analgesics, opioid analgesics, psychotropic drugs: antidepressants, antineurotic, major tranquillizers, local anesthetic and regional blockade, including fluoroscopic procedures, epidural and intrathecal anesthetics and narcotics, sympathetic blocks, corticosteroids

xx. describe past and present techniques of surgical management, including: surgical management of chronic pain, past and present techniques including cordotomy, neurectomy and stereotactic procedures dorsal column stimulation and implanted nerve stimulators implanted spinal pumps

xxi. describe social contexts of chronic pain, including the role of the family.

xxii. describe the role of the pain management team, including: roles of individual disciplines importance of timely interdisciplinary management in appropriate treatment venues

30. Essentials of Occupational Health as related to PMR practice

31. Rehabilitation of Cumulative Trauma Disorders including common occupational disorders

i. Study of job environment and Ergonomic considerations

ii. Disease-specific Management

iii. Work studies, Work simulation and work hardening programs for industrial workers for increasing the output and reducing absenteeism

32. Other Musculoskeletal Conditions of Upper and Lower Limbs and spine including infections and its sequelae, etc.

i. Comprehensive management and rehabilitation of Skeletal Tuberculosis and its sequelae.

ii. This would include the ability to recognize appropriate referral needs

33. Rehabilitation of Patients with Spinal Cord Injury (SCI)

i. Introductions, Epidemiology and need; Models of Care

ii. Anatomy, Mechanics and Syndromes of Traumatic Injury

iii. Non-Traumatic SCI; Outcomes

iv. Acute Phase Management: Conservative vs. Surgical

v. Comprehensive Rehabilitation

vi. Secondary Conditions, Complications and their management

vii. Chronic Phase

viii. Testing, suitability, trial and training for suitable wheelchairs and other ambulatory devices / orthoses for functional / ADL independence

34. Stroke Rehabilitation

i. Introduction, Pathophysiology and Risk Factors

ii. Clinical Stroke Syndromes

iii. Comprehensive Rehabilitation in the acute, sub-acute and chronic phases

iv. Medical and therapeutic management of complications and Special Problems

v. Recent advances in stroke management and rehabilitation

35. Rehabilitation of Patients with Traumatic Brain Injury

i. Epidemiology, Prevention, Pathophysiology, Prognosis

ii. Comprehensive Rehabilitation in the acute, sub-acute and chronic phases

iii. Medical and therapeutic management of complications and Special Problems

iv. Recent advances in Traumatic Brain Injury management and rehabilitation

36. Rehabilitation of Patients with other Neurologic Disorders

i. Rehabilitation of Patients with Peripheral Neuropathies, nerve injuries

ii. Rehabilitation of Patients with Hansen’s Disease

• Special emphasis on prevention of deformities

• Protective footwear

• Foot and hand care

• Surgical correction of deformity and ulcers

• Interaction with prominent NGOs in the field of leprosy

• Rehabilitation measures and National programs

iii. Rehabilitation of plexopathies

iv. Motor Neuron Diseases (MND)

v. Rehabilitation of Patients with Poliomyelitis

• Aetiopathogenesis, Prevention, Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP)

• Surveillance

• Post Polio Residual Paralysis (PPRP) (conservative and surgical management of deformities around each joint)

• Upper and Lower Limbs, Trunk

• Adults and elderly with poliomyelitis – Delayed consequences, post polio syndrome

vi. Rehabilitation of Patients with Diseases of Muscles & Myoneural Junction Muscular dystrophies, Myopathies, Myasthenia gravis, polymyositis, dermatomyositis, etc.

vii. Rehabilitation of Patients with Parkinsonism, other Movement Disorders and neurodegenerative conditions

viii. Rehabilitation of patients with ataxia

ix. Multiple Sclerosis

x. Other Infective and Inflammatory disorders causing chronic/ long term neurologic impairments necessitating rehabilitation

37. Rehabilitation of Patients with Neural Tube Defects

i. Meningomyeloceole and other spinal dysraphisms

ii. Clinical Presentations

iii. Rehabilitation

iv. Long Term Complications

v. Rehabilitation management of Hydrocephalus

38. Neurogenic Bladder and Bowel Dysfunction- pathophysiology, assessment & Management

39. Prevention and Management of Chronic Wounds

i. Pressure Ulcers- definition, causes, pathophysiology, assessment, staging, Management

ii. Diabetic & Insensate Foot- pathophysiology, assessment, investigations, prevention, Management

40. Speech and Hearing-Assessment and Rehabilitation

i. Basics of audiometric studies and their interpretation

ii. Types of deafness / hearing loss

iii. Basic knowledge of hearing aids

iv. Types of speech disorders

v. Communication skills interventions

vi. Basics of sign language

41. Rehabilitation of Swallowing Disorders

42. Rehabilitation of persons with vision impairment

i. Common causes of blindness and low vision in India and their prevention

ii. Assistive devices / technology for the visually impaired

iii. Basic knowledge of Braille system

43. Assessment, counseling and interventions for Sexual Dysfunctions in persons with disabilities

44. Rehabilitation of patients with HIV/AIDS

45. Principles of rehabilitation of persons with mental retardation

46. Principles of rehabilitation of persons with mental illness

47. Management of sports injury

i. Principles of sports training

ii. Complete assessment of sports performance

iii. Evaluation of common sports injuries around shoulder, elbow, wrist, hip, knee, ankle and foot and such injuries in non-athletic persons

iv. Treatment and medical rehabilitation of persons with such injuries

48. Principles and practice of Rehabilitation after burns injuries

49. Pulmonary Rehabilitation

i. General principles of assessment

ii. Conditions like COPD, bronchial asthma, bronchiectasis, etc.

50. Cardiac Rehabilitation

i. General principles

ii. Rehabilitation of Common cardiac conditions like coronary artery diseases, Myocardial Infarction, Congenital Heart Duseases, Cardio-Myopathy, Congestive Cardiac Failure, Rheumatic Heart Disease, Hypertension, Cardiac Transplantation.

51. Vestibular Rehabilitation

52. Rehabilitation of patients with Peripheral Vascular Diseases

53. Geriatric Rehabilitation

54. Cancer Rehabilitation

i. Principles of rehabilitation of cancer patients

ii. Rehabilitation of persons with long-term complications associated with cancer therapy and surgery

55. Rehabilitation protocol of Joint Replacements and other orthopaedic surgeries.

56. Rehabilitation of Patients with Congenital Deformities of upper and lower extremities like radial club hand, CTEV, Congenital Dislocation of Hip, Arthrogryposis Multiplex Congenita etc. and Spinal Deformities

57. Health Promotion and principles of lifestyle disorder management

i. Lifestyle related diseases – Prevention and management

ii. Nutrition and health

iii. Assessment of underweight, over-weight and obese persons

iv. Management of obesity and its complications

v. Importance and ways to promote physical activity

vi. Tobacco cessation & alcohol limitation

vii. Diet and stress management, role of Yoga

viii. Issues related to obesity and disability

58. Women’s Health and Rehabilitation

i. Pre- and post partum rehabilitation programs

ii. Post menopausal issues in rehabilitation and management of osteoporosis

59. Architectural Barriers, Environmental Modification

i. Identification of barriers, accessibility of persons with disabilities and barrier free environment

60. Organ Transplantation and Rehabilitation

61. Rehabilitation in ICU, HDU and CCU setting

62. Medical emergencies in PMR

i. Autonomic dysreflexia

ii. Aspiration pneumonitis

iii. Deep Vein Thrombosis / Pulmonary Embolism

iv. Urinary retention / obstruction, etc.

63. Palliative care / long-term care of terminally ill

64. Complementary and alternative medicine

65. Ethical practices in Rehabilitation

i. Role and how to take informed consent

66. Evidence Based Rehabilitation

67. Research Methodology

i. Basic understanding of research methodology

ii. Ability to identify research needs, formulate null hypothesis and interpret statistical analysis

68. Role of rehabilitation in Disaster Management

69. Quality assurance in PMR

70. Information & Communication Technology (ICT) and rehabilitation

71. Current Developments / Recent Advances in PMR

72. Teaching Training

i. To understand the methods of teaching and training

ii. To apply the appropriate method of teaching

iii. To impart teaching training to students

73. Public health programme

i. Awareness of various National programmes in relation to disability prevention and early detection of disability

ii. Stakeholders in National Control Programmes

iii. Violence & Injury Prevention

Career Options

After completing a DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, candidates will get
employment opportunities in Government as well as in the Private sector.

In the Government sector, candidates have various options to
choose from, including Registrar, Senior Resident, Demonstrator, Tutor, etc.

While
in the Private sector the options include Resident Doctor, Consultant, Visiting
Consultant (Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation), Junior Consultant, Senior Consultant (Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation), Consultant Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation
Specialist, etc.

Courses After DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation Course

DNB in Physical
Medicine And Rehabilitation is a specialization course that can be pursued
after finishing MBBS. After pursuing a specialization in DNB (Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation), a candidate could also
pursue super specialization courses recognized by NMC, where DNB (Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation)
is a feeder qualification.

Frequently
Asked Questions (FAQs) – DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation
Course

Question: What is a DNB in Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation?

Answer: DNB Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation or Diplomate of National Board
in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation also known as DNB in Physical Medicine
And Rehabilitation is
a Postgraduate level course for doctors in India that is done by them after
completion of their MBBS.

Question: Is DNB in Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation equivalent to MD in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation?

Answer: DNB in Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation is equivalent to MD in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation, the list of recognized qualifications awarded
by NBE in various broad and super specialties as approved by the Government of
India are included in the first schedule of the Indian Medical Council Act,
1956.

Question: What is the
duration of a DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation?

Answer: DNB in Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation is a postgraduate programme of
three years.

Question: What is the eligibility
of a DNB in Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation?

Answer: Candidates must be in possession of an
undergraduate MBBS degree from any college/university recognized by the Medical
Council of India (now NMC).

Question: What is the scope of a DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation?

Answer: DNB
in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation offers candidates various
employment opportunities and career prospects.

Question: What is the average salary for an DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation
postgraduate candidate?

Answer: The DNB in Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation candidate’s average salary is between Rs. 5 lakh
to Rs. 36 lakh per year depending on
the experience.

Question: Are DNB Physical Medicine And
Rehabilitation and MD Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation equivalent for
pursuing teaching jobs?

Answer: The Diplomate of National Board in
broad-speciality qualifications and super speciality qualifications when
granted in a medical institution with attached hospital or in a hospital with
the strength of five hundred or more beds, by the National Board of
Examinations, shall be equivalent in all respects to the corresponding
postgraduate qualification and the super-speciality qualification granted under
the Act, but in all other cases, senior residency in a medical college for an
additional period of one year shall be required for such qualification to be
equivalent for the purposes of teaching also.

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